Maintenance Therapy

Maintenance medication may help reduce COPD symptoms*

Clinical guidelines recommend maintenance treatment with long-acting bronchodilators in appropriate patients1,2

GOLD† recommends: 

  • Long-acting bronchodilators, including long-acting beta2-agonists (LABAs), as central to COPD management and more effective than short-acting bronchodilators at producing maintained symptom relief1
  • Prior to discharge, patients should start long-acting bronchodilators—either LABAs and/or anticholinergics, with or without inhaled corticosteroids1

The American Thoracic Society recommends: 

  • Clinicians prescribe monotherapy using either long-acting inhaled anticholinergics or long-acting inhaled beta-agonists for symptomatic patients with COPD and FEV1 <60% predicted2

The Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) was launched in 1997 in collaboration with the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, the National Institutes of Health, USA, and the World Health Organization. GOLD’s guidelines for COPD are shaped by committees made up of leading experts from around the world. Working with health care professionals and public health officials, GOLD seeks to raise awareness and improve prevention and treatment of COPD. 

*When used appropriately.
†GOLD=Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease. GOLD does not endorse any specific treatments.

Despite guidelines, maintenance therapy for COPD is underused1,3,4

More than

of patients with COPD covered by Medicare Part B or private insurance do not receive maintenance therapy3

A retrospective analysis of US managed care and Medicare patients found that more than 65% of patients with COPD covered by Medicare Part B or private insurance do not receive prescriptions for maintenance therapy.3 A separate study using administrative claims and eligibility records from a large, US, multistate, Medicare managed care database noted that approximately 70% of COPD patients with private or public insurance did not receive a prescription for maintenance therapy in 2004.4


Consider LABAs for COPD maintenance therapy—they have been shown to reduce COPD symptoms when used appropriately



1. Global strategy for the diagnosis, management, and prevention of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD). 2016:1-80.
2. Qaseem A, Wilt TJ, Weinberger SE, et al. Diagnosis and management of stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a clinical practice guideline update from the American College of Physicians, American College of Chest Physicians, American Thoracic Society, and European Respiratory Society. Ann Intern Med. 2011;155(3):179-191.
3. Make B, Dutro MP, Paulose-Ram R, Marton JP, Mapel DW. Undertreatment of COPD: a retrospective analysis of US managed care and Medicare patients. Int J Chronic Obstruc Pulmon Dis. 2012;7:1-9.
4. Menzin J, Boulanger L, Marton J, et al. The economic burden of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in a U.S. Medicare population. Respir Med. 2008; 102(9):1248-1256.

Important Safety Information & Indication


Long-acting beta2-adrenergic agonists (LABA) increase the risk of asthma-related death. Data from a large placebo-controlled US study that compared the safety of another long-acting beta2-adrenergic agonist (salmeterol) or placebo added to usual asthma therapy showed an increase in asthma-related deaths in patients receiving salmeterol. This finding with salmeterol is considered a class effect of LABA, including arformoterol, the active ingredient in BROVANA (see WARNINGS). The safety and efficacy of BROVANA in patients with asthma have not been established. All LABA, including BROVANA, are contraindicated in patients with asthma without use of a long-term asthma control medication (see CONTRAINDICATIONS).

BROVANA is not indicated for the treatment of acute episodes of bronchospasm, ie, rescue therapy, and does not replace fast-acting rescue inhalers. BROVANA should not be initiated in patients with acutely deteriorating COPD, which may be a life-threatening condition. 

BROVANA should not be used in conjunction with other inhaled, long-acting beta2-agonists. BROVANA should not be used with other medications containing long-acting beta2-agonists. Patients who have been taking inhaled short-acting beta2-agonists on a regular basis should be instructed to discontinue their regular use and to use them only for symptomatic relief for acute respiratory symptoms.

All LABA, including BROVANA, are contraindicated in patients with asthma without use of a long-term asthma control medication.

As with other inhaled beta2-agonists, BROVANA can produce paradoxical bronchospasm that may be life-threatening. If paradoxical bronchospasm occurs, BROVANA should be discontinued immediately and alternative therapy instituted.

BROVANA, like other beta2-agonists, can produce a clinically significant cardiovascular effect in some patients as measured by increases in pulse rate, blood pressure, and/or symptoms.

BROVANA should be used with caution in patients with cardiovascular disorders, especially coronary insufficiency, cardiac arrhythmias, and hypertension; in patients with convulsive disorders or thyrotoxicosis; and in patients who are unusually responsive to sympathomimetic amines.

BROVANA, as with other beta2-agonists, should be administered with extreme caution to patients being treated with monoamine oxidase inhibitors, tricyclic antidepressants, or drugs known to prolong the QTc interval because the action of adrenergic agonists on the cardiovascular system may be potentiated by these agents.

Overall efficacy of BROVANA was maintained throughout the 12-week trial duration. Some tolerance to the bronchodilator effect of BROVANA was observed after 6 weeks of dosing (at the end of the dosing interval), although the FEV1 improvement remained statistically significant. This was not accompanied by other clinical manifestations of tolerance.

The five most common adverse events reported with frequency ≥2% in patients taking BROVANA, and occurring more frequently than in patients taking placebo, were pain (8% vs 5%), chest pain (7% vs 6%), back pain (6% vs 2%), diarrhea (6% vs 4%), and sinusitis (5% vs 4%).

For additional information, please see the full Prescribing Information including Boxed Warning, and Medication Guide for BROVANA (arformoterol tartrate) Inhalation Solution, at

You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit or call 1-800-FDA-1088.

BROVANA® (arformoterol tartrate) Inhalation Solution is indicated for the long-term, twice-daily (morning and evening) maintenance treatment of bronchoconstriction in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), including chronic bronchitis and emphysema. BROVANA is for use by nebulization only.